<tbody id="aequ2"></tbody>
  • <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

  • <th id="aequ2"></th>
    1. <th id="aequ2"></th>
    2. <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

      <dd id="aequ2"></dd><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
      <nav id="aequ2"><track id="aequ2"><video id="aequ2"></video></track></nav><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
    3. <em id="aequ2"><tr id="aequ2"><u id="aequ2"></u></tr></em>
          國學首頁|國學私塾 |資訊| 漢字| 漢語| 語林| 文庫| 論壇
      □ 站內搜索 □
      請輸入查詢的字符串:
      標題查詢 內容查詢
      □ 同類目錄 □
    4. 漢語史話
    5. 漢語方言
    6. 漢語探微
    7. 研究時評
    8. 漢語教育
    9. □ 同類熱點 □
    10. 歐洲忘記了漢語卻“發現”了漢字
    11. 中國古代韻書綜述
    12. 新加坡華語特有詞語探微
    13. 現代漢語中的曰語“外來語”問題(上)
    14. 二十年來臺灣社會語言學的研究
    15. 臺風語詞命名的女性化現象
    16. 從新詞語看語言與社會的關系
    17. 用數字表示歷史事件的幾種寫法
    18. 論言語意義與傳意效果
    19. 古漢語副詞的來源
    20. 趙翼的詩和史學(2)
    21. 漢語稱謂研究十年
    22. 生活·語言·形象:關于語言構建形象的再思考
    23. 淺談漢語新詞語發布的詞匯學意義
    24. 通假字的流傳、成語的變遷和所謂余秋雨的“誤讀”
    25. 當前類別:首頁 >> 新版國學 >> 漢語 >> 漢語 >> 研究時評
      《老乞大》引發的對外漢語量詞教學思考

      發布時間: 2019/9/29 0:54:23 被閱覽數: 次 來源: 論文聯盟
      文字 〖 〗 )
      引言  
        《老乞大》的得以傳世,為我們保存了幾百年以來我國進行對外漢語教學的寶貴史料,讓我們能夠更加深入地思考如何才能更加有效地把漢語作為第二語言傳授給外國人。  
        關于《老乞大》中對量詞進行教學時的文章體系安排設置方面現在并無專門的文章進行詳細地討論闡述及研究,筆者特此對該方面進行了一些思考,算是替《老乞大》這一重要的對外漢語教材在量詞的教學設置設置方面發發微吧。  
        一 《老乞大》的相關介紹及其量詞編排  
       。ㄒ唬独掀虼蟆返暮喪  
        《老乞大》是元代時期外國人學習漢語的教科書和會話手冊,它最早流行于我國遼東,后來才傳到朝鮮,由朝鮮的學者做成“諺解”,是朝鮮司譯院進行漢語教學的最重要的教材(與之齊名的還有《樸通事》)。它的生命力是很強大的,它的成書、流傳、修改、翻譯歷經元、明、清三個時代,使用時間長、流傳范圍廣,具有很大的影響。 《老乞大》全書由111則會話組成,每則會話涉及一個話題,都是在一定的情景中進行(個別節次不是會話體,而是應用文)。它分為上、下兩卷,上卷55節,下卷53節。全書主要以高麗商人到中國經商,在沿途遇中國商人同行時所經歷的事件為體裁進行的漢語對話,內容涉及到中國人生活中的方方面面。  
       。ǘ独掀虼蟆分辛吭~的編排設置  
        漢語量詞是我國漢族人民語言中十分活躍而又極其普通的一類詞,也是對外漢語教學中的難點,本書的量詞數量非常豐富,共出現了量詞141個。  
        1、由易到難,難易相間。  
        由易到難是語言學習的基本規律。從道理上人人都可認同,但在具體操作時,卻會出現許多誤區,但是《老乞大》中的量詞教學安排設置非但沒有出現誤區,而是恰好遵循了該原則。從“場景1:與同行的中國人相逢”中的只有一個量詞“個”到“場景108 要到朝鮮去賣的貨,場景109 要到朝鮮去賣的貨”這兩個場景中出現量詞13個(“斤、串、帖、把、個、匣、副、條、疋、匹、連、顆、部”),我們可以想見這種情況的出現不是偶然的,編者在其編排上明顯體現出了注意把量詞這一教學難點地教學順序從易到難的思想。  
        眾所周知,量詞是對外漢語教學中的難點,數詞則作為相應簡單一些的語言知識點被廣泛認可!独掀虼蟆芬粫芯幷邔⑦@兩個語言知識點的安排猶如作曲一般,有高有低,抑揚交替,形成了相應的節奏。編者將這兩個語言知識點難易分散開來,不讓它們連續出現并在兩個難點之間插入一些比較簡單容易的語言點。例如書中的“場景1:與同行的中國人相逢”中編者在編排量詞語言點“個”的同時附加了“一、半”兩個數詞的編排;在“場景2-5:漢語學習”中編者除了做上述安排之外,讓量詞這一語言點的出現有了有一小節的間歇。這樣就給學生的理解、消化和運用留有了余地。  
        2、有分有合,分散集中。  
        《老乞大》一書從“場景1:與同行的中國人相逢”中的只有一個量詞“個”且只出現2次到“場景108 要到朝鮮去賣的貨,場景109 要到朝鮮去賣的貨”這兩個場景中出現量詞13個(“斤、串、帖、把、個、匣、副、條、疋、匹、連、顆、部”),共計51次開始一直貫穿到“場景110:找占卜先生選回國吉日” 為止,整個教材對量詞的編寫安排一直都非常重視,讓學習者在不斷的學習和復習中掌握鞏固量詞的知識和使用方法。這樣既避免了課文因為刻意地回避某些語法點而顯得生硬不自然,也使學生在情景中對某些語言點有所感悟。到適當的時候,再利用情景集中歸納,從感性上升到理性,更易為學生理解和接受。  
        二 現行對外漢語教材量詞的問題及原因  
        《漢語水平等級標準和等級大綱》(試行)(以下簡稱《大綱》)中共有量詞136個,分散在甲、乙、丙、丁四個級別的詞匯項目中。但是我們可以發現一些有代表性的對外漢語教材中都只出現了有限的一些量詞,與大綱里規定的量詞不太一致。之所以出現這種情況,我們可以考慮一下幾個方面的原因:其一可能是由于量詞的數量太多,不可能也不易在所選的課文中按量詞的四個等級依次全部出現;其二可能是因為教材的編寫者對量詞的重要性認識不足,對量詞的重視程度不夠所致;其三也有可能是因為現階段關于對外漢語量詞教學的研究還比較薄弱,關于學習者學習漢語量詞的順序和要求還不夠明確,因此也就不能給教材編寫中的量詞選用提供科學有效的指導。  
        三 《老乞大》中量詞的編排對現代對外漢語量詞教學的啟發  
        面對現行對外漢語教材存在的諸多問題,我們是不是可以嘗試用《老乞大》中量詞的教學編排方式來解決一些問題。  
        1、難易的問題  
        我們在看完了《老乞大》一文中對量詞的難易設置之后,我們是不是可以借鑒《老乞大》中的量詞難易編排方式對現行對外漢語的量詞進行編排。在對甲級量詞詞匯進行合理編排的同時進一步加強乙級、丙級、丁級在各自對應的量詞詞匯中進行合理的編排設置。讓將漢語作為第二語言學習的學習者在學習量詞這個語法點的時候可以循序漸進,由易到難,平穩過渡。  
        2、集散的問題  
        正如《老乞大》一文中的量詞設置一樣,從頭到尾的編排設置一直都有涉及的同時又很好的做到了集中和分散學習的統一,這樣也就可以起到量詞學習的以舊帶新和再現,自然而然也就加強了學生對量詞這一語法知識點的學習效果。  
        結語  
        目前,在對外漢語的量詞教學中,我們可以明顯的發現量詞教學研究的薄弱和量詞在語言交際中的普遍使用存在著一個很大的矛盾。這也就促使我們要從對外漢語教學的各個角度研究對外漢語量詞的教學編排設置,相信對《老乞大》一文的量詞進行研究會對對外漢語教學量詞的教學有一定的幫助,也可以讓以漢語作為第二語言的學習者在對量詞這一語言知識點的掌握上可以又好又快的實現。 

            作者:金正會
      編輯:秋痕

      淺談現代漢語的規范問題
      對外漢語教學中對詞匯教學的探索

      |關于我們 | 招聘信息 |聯系我們 |友情鏈接 |相關介紹 |免責申明 |
      copyright©2006 Power By confucianism®  中國國學網版權所有    蜀ICP備16005458號
      北京快三app

      <tbody id="aequ2"></tbody>
    26. <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

    27. <th id="aequ2"></th>
      1. <th id="aequ2"></th>
      2. <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

        <dd id="aequ2"></dd><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
        <nav id="aequ2"><track id="aequ2"><video id="aequ2"></video></track></nav><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
      3. <em id="aequ2"><tr id="aequ2"><u id="aequ2"></u></tr></em>
        www.55885j.com | www.987425.com | www.77365n.com | 22299rr.com | 皇冠在线娱乐.com | www.okw0.com | www.9187q.com | www.y440044.com | 4426123.com | www.230757.com | www.3775p.com | www.amjs4488.com | 3344vn77.com | 1h-7.cc | baifucaipiao.com | www.914979.com | www.79095a.com | www.6677msc.com | 3685q.com | 33382zz.com | www.zch4.com | www.55238f.com | www.80365.bet | jimei6666.com | 8722nnnn.com | 848112.com | www.c9223.com | www.38775ff.com | www.5303.com | www.6666.cm | ha080.net | 61320099.com | 91019q.com | www.04gcw.com | www.12136q.com | www.t0524.com | www.vns8897.com | 65786578.net | 3473w.com | mmmm4488.com | www.50051i.com | www.29277x.com | www.590561.com | www.333777k.com | www.hg131.com | 22556q.com | r1915.com | 390033k.com | www.183065.com | www.022q.cc | www.3398766.com | www.58665t.com | www.hg988801.com | www.9996ss.com | 5856n.com | 13789.com | 6728.com | 5002yy.com | 326.hk | www.49956v.com | www.865510.com | www.83993s.com | www.1764g.com | www.16181k.com | www.bai3311.com | www.0055js.com | www.38200m.com | 30006f.com | 6150g.com | 8538d.com | 7508q.com | feicai0311.com | 33009193.com | 5651f.com | 1235.com | 00pp8332.com | 80850d.com | 909182.com | 6641cc.com | zzylc8.com | www.84499i.com | www.332750.com | www.388634.com | www.599894.com | www.912063.com | www.jcai5.com | www.6364o.com | www.9155b.com | www.75679.com | www.50080y.com | www.61655s.com | www.43818b.com | www.9958c.com | www.31847.com | www.8839d.com | www.3126x.com | www.w984.com | www.240689.com | www.098286.com | hg15515.com | 5004rrr.com | 9895u.com | 1227010.com | 2019ww.cc | 4379d.com | 57c53.com | 3685n.com | i2306.com | www.zun171.com | www.00yh765.com | www.0099ooo.com | www.d88118.com | www.3846y.com | www.899523.com | www.369406.com | www.997263.com | www.5484d.com | www.876433.com | www.368477.com | 6118a.com | 22117p.com | 2021e.com | e72227.com | 44pp8331.com | www.0098.cc | www.50999l.com | www.115527n.com | www.55111122.com | www.501433.com | 5002aaa.com | 474.com | hgw7745.com | www.7669c.net | www.138555.com | www.7920q.com | 1077dd.com | 71707u.com | so555.cc | www.xpj8818.com | www.bj448.com | www.cn365u.com | www.82894d.com | www.848166.com | 9103.com | 官网捕鱼5.com | www.dfs997.com | www.jh1188.com | www.91779u.com | www.41518x.com | www.278206.com | 65005i.com | 22117v.com | www.benz4422s.com | www.d4042.com | www.3566kk.com | www.865065.com | zhcp22.com | 00773rr.com | www.56520j.com | www.844218.com | www.910056.com | www.171880.com | 27878uu.com | tyc1513.com | www.597567f.com | www.7886277.com | www.671966.com | 2287hh.com | v01234.com | www.32208d.com | www.16065w.com | www.178192.com | 43430524.com | www.377088.com | www.4102b.com | www.550241.com | 3844w.com | www.6aobo.com | www.50000.com | www.75353.cc | p888hh.com | www.917xpj3.com | www.19yh5.com | www.hy6934.com | 86688094.com | www.yyy7777.com | www.88000xpj.com | www.54400u.com | 66332007.com | www.60505.com | www.lfu8.com | 23599l.com | www.huangguan1088.com | www.046161.com | 11yy8331.com | 5369a.com | www.06617.com | www.512411.com | 566777e.com | www.331suncity.net | www.7714h.com | 9103pp.com | 65005f.com | www.4996sz.com | www.609719.com | 4018hh.com | www.113470.com | www.078wy.com | vv00558.com | www.005966.com | www.0194001.com | 55005144.com | www.15515533.com | www.hjin1.com | 3467k.cc | www.58665w.com | www.544010.com | 4556o.com | www.m456x.com | www.524677.com | 22992007.com | www.99552ii.com | vipsandsapp.com | 611.cc | www.48330z.com | 11885003.com | www.071093.com | www.77yfa.com | 4288uu.com | www.2945a.com | www.303479.com | zhcp76.com | www.dd00668.com | 77606u.com | www.dh70507.com | www.39500y.com | l99474.com | www.987071.com | hhhh19927.com | www.b3654.com | www.7714t.com | 33382bb.com | www.s9478.com | www.195876.com | 58000d.com | www.97655k.com | 58222m.com | www.pj88y.com | 16888d.com | www.4938h.com | www.cly9.com | 883399q.com | www.ihg5599.com | 8015x.com | www.85857w.com | pj38839.com | www.gf8118.com | www.898304.com | 0033b.cc | www.2388cai.com | 7720i.net | www.7240z.com | 4633300.com | www.365066.bet | df8s.com | www.lefa3333.com | 4052a.com | www.ok49.com | jxddcs.com | www.vns3591.com | www.112559.com | www.77537x.com | www.566217.com | www.38200w.com | www.cb7388.com | 2682hd.com | www.qml2.com | www.38200k.com | www.857981.com | www.jh839.com | www.c5884.com | www.033033u.com | www.ck7786.com | www.6033i.com | www.yy63.com | www.56520n.com | www.372918.com | www.z47.cc | 88559vip.com | www.cp67772.com | 1211.cc | www.80188n.com | hy756.com | www.m98478.com | 61655.com | www.66332r.com | feicai0833.com | www.909935.com | www.cp127w.com | www.187513.com | www.566115.com | m88.com | www.7415uu.com | 3304tt.com | www.156a56.com | aobo26.com | www.055wt.cc | www.zsdl9.com | 667766x.com | www.3846l.com | 2767dcom | www.hg6664.com | hg85877.com | www.550194.com | www.78114422.com | 7811ss.com | www.888977.com | 2019uu.cc | www.810603.com | www.41230599.com | 9420h.com | www.773530.com | 2649o.com | www.689144.com | www.hg8259.com | yidali.com | www.hb598.net | www.a67783.com | www.91233i.com | www.caipioa33.com | 3958.com | www.901327.com | www.xin8884.com | bet12306420.com | www.hg513.com | www.m.hg763.com | kjzf224.com | www.55070s.com | 3685a.com | www.592113.com | www.lfcp096.com | 3950e.com | www.c4532.com | www.990909.com | 69096c.com | www.5854q.cc | www.110741.com | 32555h.com | www.hjin6.com | www.mm7777.com | 3559jjjj.com | www.577285.com | www.5001600.com | d62365.com | www.548477.com | www.4972n.com | 104727.com | www.32123o.com | www.3157666.com | www.529121.com | www.h32939.com | 59889v.com | 1669y.com | www.3691c.com | www.hg9934.com | 992222o.com | www.08588p.com | www.82627.com | 47749z.com | www.196051.com | www.pjc99.vip | www.9374l.com | 88833.com | www.ycp0.com | www.55070x.com | www.7727bet.com | 80892ff.com | www.2408c.com | www.79500i.com | 3245b.com | 1489.com | www.912452.com | www.bet63g.com | www.hg3499.com | 3522i.vip | www.364242.com | www.3846d.com | www.mgm3838.com | f3410.com | www.107658.com | www.68993261.com | www.171038.com | 2934m.com | 123456uu.cc | www.912483.com | www.99552ss.com | www.330099c.com | 3568uu.com | 30170044.com | www.07xyc.com | www.6880zz.com | www.777444e.com | 2091.com | 16630.com | www.669772.com | www.4520099.com | www.299991.com | 8290h.com | 67877w.com | www.210793.com | www.08588u.com | www.c555.com | www.2846k.com | 30178844.com | hg0088.sh | 80850bb.com | www.hqcp9.com | www.c63568.com | www.e7457.com | www.223456o.com | wx3399.com | 12016.com | www.377506.com | www.88266k.com | www.v4v5v6.com | www.77438.com | 20777744.com | w5556944.com | xh9.com | 9539k.com | www.548211.com | www.50026t.com | www.e3410.com | www.zgzcw.com | www.87680j.com | 2373j.com | xxx4165.com | 5360e.com | 30019x.com | www.842223.com | www.81678g.com | www.xpj3.net | www.6665ylg.com | www.amdc0007.com | www.3643e.com | 4433vn77.com | bet28w.com | d82365.com | 67877w.com | 3846m.com | jing6222.com | www.170569.com | www.828521.com | www.09299.com | www.500166.com | www.60886f.com | www.9737tt.me | www.kj639.com | www.x100100.com | www.76543y.com | 1116.com | 7168813.com | 2019xx.cc | wnsr8824.com | wx3322.com | 01234bb.com | i45638.com | bet22222.com | www.49581.com | www.ambjlb.com | www.2643j.com | www.655666e.com | www.ylg05.com | www.js507710.com | www.pjdc3388.com | www.vns333399.com | 1669k.com | www.86611i.com | xpj000555.com | 908080n.com | 6hcc77.com | www.033033p.com | www.0686222.com | xh12222.com | www.81866c.com | www.laok222.com | www.hg2566.net | www.7669g.net | www.39695i.com | www.98699.com | www.4972tt.com | www.32666y.com | www.0636a.com | www.7692.com | www.120529.com | www.4828888.com | www.yh234g.com | www.78680v.com | www.8998733.com | www.171102.com | www.00665.com | www.977389.com | www.639477.com | www.108805.com | 9539n.com | 131aaa.net | 80188e.com | 2824.cc | 500000472.com | www.rbet3365.com | www.hg8197.com | www.www-50007000.com | www.03a88.com | www.99094l.com | www.52303q.com | www.cb5588.com | www.153880.com | 2820q.com | 38850066.com | 00aa8331.com | www.ylhg6868.com | www.wdylc.com | www.rcw7777.com | www.9187e.com | www.41518y.com | www.616097.com | P35u.com | 01885g.com | 082371.com | www.40686c.com | www.77731x.com | www.blr2244.com | www.8499n.com | www.226075.com | 180111.net | i8159.cc | www.bet365604.com | www.www-48789.com | www.3w26.com | www.6cpb.com | zz6199.com | 5856bb.com | 44003885.com | www.995tk.net | www.vnsr738.com | www.3416i.com | 1259d.com | bh55654.com | 6423g.com | www.tk355.com | www.52062q.com | www.976616.com | 818vc.com | 6641i.com | www.668567b.com | www.98698d.com | www.81678m.com | www.167090.com | 09997.com | www.1869h.com | www.618msc.com | www.717456.com | www.038079.com | 5802ff.com | www.70398.com | www.c7.cc | www.08588g.com | 22296ee.com | 11005l.com | www.pj038888.com | www.86339y.com | www.680477.com | yg7777.com | 1408n.com | www.bccp877.com | www.37437.cc | 61789c.com | 2554com.com | www.p86.com | www.50077c.com | 9694v.com | LXYL361.com | www.k1235.com | www.52303g.com | 377633.com | 3844.am | www.163771.com | www.022cq.cc | 22665144.com | www.6491v.com | www.46630.app | www.596608.com | 55797m.com | www.3331p.com | www.fg9908.com | 3413366.com | 500000751.com | www.lfcp096.com | www.gai40.com | 4880.com | www.pj15778.com | www.961865.com | 9103.com | 88740b.com | www.6880xx.com | www.318097.com | wb330.com | www.2266608.com | www.sytg8.com | 8381xx.com | www.836666e.com | www.66376j.com | 3678zz.com | www.benz4411s.com | www.55717g.com | 9411fff.com | www.8806js.com | www.130256.com | 299770.com | yl77yl33.com | www.1434s.com | 28758z.com | www.63877j.com | www.6939c.com | 33318s.com | www.88837i.com | www.66598b.com | 3644h.com | www.hg7938.com | www.987441.com | 655578.com | www.jz6788.com | www.36166e.com | 1259e.com | www.6678699.com | 7744mmm.com | www.hg7977.com | www.36788z.com | 867wn.com | www.xx3088.com | www.376395.com | 30006g.com | www.626902.com | 4433634.com | www.33302a6.com | www.987425.com | 50067d.com | www.792072.com | 67890dd.com | www.8577k.cc | www.677375.com | 2247zz.com | www.hg7113.com | 8203c.com | www.875808.com | www.599505.com | x86400.com | www.89777s.com | 4773355.com | www.56655w.com | 97297o.com | www.e22365.com | www.okw5.com | 588ddd.cc | www.5958116.com | 7570k1.com | www.4963bb.com | 83377p.com | www.0139.com | www.221836.com | www.bg999222.com | www.bai05.com | feicai023.com | www.bet353654.com | pj00ee.com | www.79095n.com | 13222y.com | www.674886.com | 4546vip8.com | www.hwx518.com | yeba17.com | www.50xiazai.com | jianwei.com | www.hg3422.com | www.344680.com | www.bt258.com | www.759585.com | www.yh8880.cc | www.sytg6.com | pj528.com | www.k796.com | 1594005.com | www.czg4.com | www.jh839.com | www.820335.com | www.hg767676.com | www.659477.com | www.pjbet555.com | www.521787.com | www.9996aa.com | www.173225.com | www.677506.com | 50099n.com | www.597567f.com | 18455.com | www.4212t.com | 58885365.com | www.77787yh.com | 3568d.com | www.x2788.com | 62222q.com | www.88325m.com | hr1222.com | www.v1186.com | 26668l.com | www.hg8gg.com | 145301.com | www.4331b.com | 2776l.com | www.c8701.com | www.67797v.com | www.29277u.com | www.hgw3300.com | 66648t.com | www.pjc44.vip | qg292.com | www.5091a.com | www.6491r.com | www.89894e.com | www.44488807.com | 55967a.com | www.8866kcd.com | 28839d.com | www.3478u.cc | www.88807p.com | 89439922.com | www.00773y.com | 4196e.com | www.66907.cc | www.7893w04.com | 2820x.com | www.hyi158.com | 610829.com | www.544bb.cc | www.255251.com | 4444sands.com | www.73990r.com | qq365o.com | www.606285.com | www.377606.com | 35222.com | www.20899.com | www.10071007.com | drcp555.com | www.45598l.com | xs806.com | www.413552.com | www.55526m.com | 67890o.com | www.ct8866.com | www.688558.com | pj88002.com | www.8816s.com | www.838383.com | 9994cc7.com | www.bet73y.com | www.39695f.com | 3473p.com | www.0601l.com | www.64448.com | 88850vv.com | www.004829.com | www.3xinhao.com | 5003mmm.com | www.5647ii.com | www.00829n.com | 1675ff.com | www.68689f.com | www.gef999.com | qjdy001.com | www.qucp7.com | www.521138.com | 9170110.com | www.505420.com | www.475333.com | 8290i.com | 0938mv.com | www.6678565.com | www.yl46.com | 66300vip17.com | www.ya313.com | www.79888.com | 00uu8331.com | www.35155i.com | www.xpj77123.com | www.hg2168.com | 33382w.com | www.950665.com | www.38345r.com | 2306l.com | hcp7777.com | www.78949j.com | www.js645.com | 6150u.com | www.001036.com | www.a94600.com | www.22401.com | 3368.com | www.177888.com | www.1764.com | www.ylzz4440.com | 3614g.com | www.053883.com | www.642683.com | www.1213699.com | 9958911.com | 3678cc.com | www.80767t.com | www.567137.com | 6830q.com | 2365.com | www.768639.com | www.1754p.com | www.383050.com | 8538l.com | 143545.com | www.80767h.com | www.55526z.com | www.1111jsc.com | 8030p.com | www.237988.com | www.368381.com | www.24264m.com | 8742c.com | 2060044.com | www.232651.com | www.55768.cc | www.77731t.com | www.546995.com | 08159k.com | 66648x.com | www.022sh.cc | www.l32031.com | www.vm905.com | 500000719.com | yt8.com | www.50054v.com | www.61233z.com | www.848777b.com | www.749msc.com | 68228g.com | 1413.com | www.210613.com | www.68568l.com | www.cn365y.com | www.152336.com | 34757.com | 3467.cc | m67890.com | www.602983.com | www.4923b.com | www.5146z2.com | www.cs11666.com | 7792m.com | 36409900.com | 131bbb.net | www.390126.com | www.29277t.com | www.99552mm.com | www.1828338.com | www.benz4455s.com | feicai0536.com | 5622u.com | 6766ff.com | www.61655v.com | www.igcp5.com | www.56720.com | www.89677c.com | www.xw3344.com | www.110022.com | 3122ll.com | tb2223.com | 8547k.com | 0044886.com | www.138037.com | www.c96683.com | www.15.net | www.883399c.com | www.38345f.com | www.25288d.com | www.39695i.com | j15hh.com | 08159u.com | 65365.com | 88p88.vip | 28288oo.com | 06385050.com | www.hcw018.com | www.701489.com | www.2350u.com | www.20899.com | www.085993.com | www.64566f.com | www.9980.la | www.646456.com | www.yh22338.com | www.30309193.com | www.0686111.com | x2306.com | 4595599.com | 00xx8331.com | bzl995.com | 4288s.com | 2jsddd.com | 0621.com | 08159t.com | gc003.cc | 00119193.com | ff555v.com | pjneimenggu.com | 60958888.com | 3807ff.com | 671147.com | 55331yy.com | 915906545.com | x33t.vip | 26444h.com | 9679g.com | 6220uu.com | 8881240.com | 32126i.net | 2222k95.com | ppp5144.com | 3522xx.cc | 66300.org | 22589.com | 4018x.com | 4196f.com | 52599l.com | ee0385.com | 3156qqq.com | 9195js.com | www.r32126.cc | www.9068zz.com | www.88837b.com | www.48599.com | www.xg189.com | www.www-tm8088.com | www.cp0013.com | www.bwinyz02.com | www.62979a.com | www.8350.vip | www.790711.com | www.35918g.com | www.cpyz1.com | www.665991.com | www.135398.com | 6245p.com | 505-jc.com | alpk88.com | blhkh1679.com | pj4.com | www.445884215.com | www.xin888999.com | www.pj39991.com | www.799666s.com | www.7225v.com | www.4809x.com | www.57578h.com | www.996745.com | www.336766.com | 7334r.com | wfcp333444.com | 5856jj.com | 500000520.com | www.vns00022.com | www.948884.com | www.71071u.com | www.773530.com | www.01500w.com | www.589344.com | dzhcp5.com | s1915s.com | 00uu8331.com | www.pj5908.com | www.vns2018.com | www.71071c.com | www.tai1166.com | www.3005u.com | www.183498.com | 7am.vip | 3559aa.com | www.hg6914.com | www.31809.com | www.513950.com | www.50080s.com | www.346277.com | ag88.com | 2096y.com | www.8494w.com | www.fc841.com | www.o94600.com | www.le520.com | 2190n.com | rbbet.com | 5478e.com | www.800hm.com | www.89386d.com | www.bai355.com | 433yh.com | so33333.cc | www.6161msc.com | www.lj551.com | www.ra7909.com | www.803244.com | q2306.com | pj00oo.com | www.76543l.com | www.ww55826.com | www.66653q.com | www.001059.com | 2997775.com | 9464009.com | www.874suncity.com | www.yh75060.com | www.399230.com | kk3384.com | 28484000.com | www.4406132.com | www.8998885.com | www.351376.com | 00778o.com | 21866d.com | www.56655m.com | www.77803n.com | 2078o.com | shenlaoxi.com | www.990333.net | www.sands2006.com | www.722563.com | aa67890.com | yyh916.com | www.674886.com | www.3136aa.com | 6396d.com | qq2649.com | www.68277666.com | www.00840c.com | p88890.com | zhcp56.com | www.qmc0044.com | www.w88w118.com | www.73990g.com | www.606642.com | 01234s.com | www.19991m.com | www.hg860011.com | www.001059.com | 99699q.com | www.14555a.com | www.08727.com | 88850ff.com | www.11155545.com | www.9646n.com | beiyong.bet | www.pj3678.com | www.3479f.com | qq8159.cc | www.35252l.com | www.347918.com | p88.cc | www.47707.cc | 2078v.com | www.8455z.com | www.1035w.com | 3679gg.com | www.674886.com | 2008hh.com | www.80689.com | www.32123p.com |