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    25. 當前類別:首頁 >> 新版國學 >> 漢語 >> 漢語 >> 研究時評
      淺論網絡語言對現代漢語的影響

      發布時間: 2019/9/29 0:54:32 被閱覽數: 次 來源: 論文聯盟
      文字 〖 〗 )
      網絡語言, 顧名思義是伴隨著網絡的產生而出現的,在網絡上使用的語言。它泛指在網絡傳播中所應用或涉及到的一切語言。網絡語言不僅包括人類傳統使用語言和物理技術語言,而且還包括與網絡和電子技術有關的信息符號集合,如常用詞語、專業術語、新創詞語和表情視覺符號等。它分為基礎網絡語言和交際網絡語言兩種,這兩種語言是網民在互聯網上進行信息交流和信息處理時所使用最廣泛的語言。在漢語語境下,網絡語言以漢語為傳播載體,又在其基礎上發展和變化,所以網絡語言對現代漢語也產生了深遠的影響。  
        一、網絡語言的特點  
       。ㄒ唬┖啙、高效  
        二、人們只需用鍵盤和鼠標進行網絡輸入,就可以表達和傳輸各種網絡語言,雖然它不如傳統交流來的直接快速,但是它就起到了高效的作用。如今社會,網民對速度和效率有較高的需求,所以網絡語言的發展越來越變得簡潔高效,有時比直接的交流來的更為快捷,因為它使人們足不出戶就可以無障礙交流。當然,這還要歸功于符號、圖片和數字等簡單符號的簡化運用。比如:用“5”表示“我”, 用“2”表示“愛”, 用“1”表示“你”!拔覑勰恪本涂梢灾苯颖硎緸椤521”,既方便又時尚新奇。追求高效對于網絡語言來說已經越來越具有時代意義。  
       。ǘ┬蜗篚r明  
        三、網絡語言需要形象,直接,鮮明。如廣泛被使用的笑臉符號“:-)”,達到與人的笑臉表情不僅形似而且神似。用“美眉”一詞來形容“美女”,讓人一下子就聯想到女子漂亮的眉毛,這種表達既古典又現代。  
       。ㄈ﹤性獨特、另類  
        網絡用戶大多是接收新事物較快的年輕人,他們有自己鮮明的個性特征,有些甚至不羈和另類。他們常常有“語不驚人誓不休”的精神,把“我”說成“偶”,“喜歡”說成“稀飯”。還有些人喜歡用拆字來表現個性,如把“語”拆成“言吾”,把“頂”拆成“丁頁”等。這些都體現了網民追求個性心理,語言表達自由的特征,對漢語卻產生了很多的負面沖擊。  
        二、網絡語言的弊端  
       。ㄒ唬╁e別字盛行,書寫不規范  
        網絡語言中錯別字盛行是最常見的問題,例如,把“我”寫成“偶”,把“什么”寫成“神馬”等。許多網民除了大量使用錯字、別字外,還在漢語中夾雜使用了英文、漢語拼音和數字等符號,雖然大部分年輕人喜歡用這種時尚前衛的網絡語言,但是過度的使用勢必會對現代漢語造成一定的負面影響。  
       。ǘ└淖冋Z序、詞性及含義  
        網絡語言中的語序變化或變異而造成的詞義和詞性的轉現象比比皆是。名詞作動詞、名詞帶賓語等現象隨處可見。如“今天,你谷歌了嗎?”、“別忘了伊妹兒我”等。此外,用非正常語序進行表達和隨意省略與倒裝等現象也很常見。  
        三、對規范網絡語言的對策建議  
        網絡語言是一門新興的語言,其具有的新奇性與創造性將會為漢語言的豐富和發展起到巨大的推動作用,但是也不能忽視其產生的負面效應。所以在規范網絡語言方面,有以下幾種主要方法:  
       。ㄒ唬┮捎梅墒侄  
        由于網民身份比較隱蔽而導致發表言論的肆無忌憚,使語言的文明性受到一定的沖擊。因此有關部門必須制定相關法律法規來監管和約束廣大網民的語言行為。  
       。ǘ 將網絡語言的使用限定在特定的范圍內  
        網絡語言的傳輸媒體是網絡,這也就決定了其應用范圍是具有局限性的。也就是說在現實生活中一個資深網民使用網絡語言與一個不會上網的人交流就會產生一定的溝通障礙。  
       。ㄈ┘訌姷赖滦麄、提高網民的素養  
        網絡的隱秘性使人們對語言的選擇具有低俗性和隨意性,不避諱和不用忌諱使人們更容易出現道德問題。因此提高網民的整體道德素質,才能有效避免網絡語言的糟粕對漢語的破壞。  
        結束語:我們應當以辯證的眼光看待網絡語言對漢語的影響,既要用寬容的心態接受其對漢語的發展創新,又要適當加以引導使其對漢語產生積極影響。 

            作者:李陽
      編輯:秋痕

      關于漢語詞匯史研究的一點思考(10)
      二十世紀漢語輕聲研究述評(1)

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