<tbody id="aequ2"></tbody>
  • <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

  • <th id="aequ2"></th>
    1. <th id="aequ2"></th>
    2. <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

      <dd id="aequ2"></dd><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
      <nav id="aequ2"><track id="aequ2"><video id="aequ2"></video></track></nav><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
    3. <em id="aequ2"><tr id="aequ2"><u id="aequ2"></u></tr></em>
       
      当前类别:首页 >> 国学新闻 >> 问答平台
      究竟什么是“魏晋风度”?(1)

      发布时间: 2017/11/1 11:05:29    被阅览数:
      魏晋风度,一般理解为当时的名士风度,实际上指的是在中国魏晋时代产生的一种人格精神与生活方式的统一体。包括哲学思辨、人格境界、文学创作、审美追求等方面。从时间上来说,指的是三国时的魏(公元220-265年)至两晋年代(公元265-420年),再到刘宋时代以士族名士为主体的生命体验,它以竹林七贤中阮籍嵇康和晋宋时期诗人陶渊明为代表人物。
        
        今天我们就来与大家一起讨论一下什么是魏晋风度,以及它的现代人生意义问题。主要谈两个问题:一、魏晋风度的形成背景;二、魏晋风度的表现形式。
        
        谈到魏晋风度,不能不与当时兴起的士族阶层相联系。士族,或者叫做世族是东汉末年兴起的世家大族,他们垄断做官的权力,有着自己的政治特权与庄园经济,可以与皇权平分秋色,比如东晋时就有“王与马,共天下”之说。在中国历史上,唯一可以与皇权分庭抗礼的,就是魏晋南北朝年代的士族阶层。魏晋风度的名士大部分是世家大族的人物,比如王谢家族,他们既是政治与经济上的大族,也是文化的大族,谢氏是诗歌家族,王氏是书法大族。所以魏晋风度既是名士的精神贵族的产物,也是凭借经济与政治上的特权而形成的。
        
        东汉末年,社会陷入了空前的战乱之中,南北分裂,生灵涂炭,老庄人生无常,企求解脱的学说走进人们的心灵之中。王瑶先生在《中古文学史论集》中曾指出,感叹人生无常是汉魏以来文学的主旋律。这种时代情绪又因了当时文化的主体士族的崛起形成为特定的思想体系。当时,对人生苦难的解脱,对逍遥境界的寻求,成了魏晋以来人生哲学的重大课题。当时,围绕着这一主题,各种人生哲学纷纷出现。比较有代表性的,有这么几种:一、以阮籍为代表的逍遥论。二、以嵇康为代表的养生论。三、以《列子·杨朱篇》为代表的纵欲论。此外,还有何晏、王弼的无为论,向秀、郭象的安命论等等。魏晋以后逐渐兴盛的佛教,则是从宗教麻痹的角度,来解释人生问题的。
        
        这几种人生哲学虽然旨趣不同,角度各异,但都是探讨如何解脱苦难,实现人生价值的。正像著名学者汤用彤先生在《魏晋玄学与文学理论》一文中所说的那样:“魏晋人生观之新型,其期望在超世之理想,其追求者为玄远之绝对,而遗资生之相对。从哲理上来说,所在意欲探求玄远之世界,脱离尘世之苦海,探得生存之奥秘。”这种生命精神在《世说新语》这部记载名士轶事的笔记小品中有着生动的表现。收入这部笔记中的大都是汉末以来名士冲决礼法,率真自得,狂诞任放的轶事。他们的行动有着明确的追求,这就是抛弃了传统儒家哲学中过于拘执的一些道德说教,而以自己的生命意志来支配行为,通过偶发性的情节来组织行为,形成创作。最典型的则是王羲之的儿子王徽之雪夜访戴的轶事:
      来源:《中华读书报》      编辑:秋痕

      何谓氏族社会?
      究竟什么是“魏晋风度”?(2)

      |关于我们 | 招聘信息 |联系我们 |友情链接 |相关介绍 |免责申明 |
      copyright©2006 Power By confucianism®  中国国学网版权所有    蜀ICP备16005458号
       
      北京快三app

      <tbody id="aequ2"></tbody>
    4. <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

    5. <th id="aequ2"></th>
      1. <th id="aequ2"></th>
      2. <button id="aequ2"><object id="aequ2"></object></button>

        <dd id="aequ2"></dd><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
        <nav id="aequ2"><track id="aequ2"><video id="aequ2"></video></track></nav><dd id="aequ2"></dd>
      3. <em id="aequ2"><tr id="aequ2"><u id="aequ2"></u></tr></em>
        www.jm40.com | www.12136u.com | www.pjanhui.com | 3522q.vip | www.548411.com | www.hg341.com | www.11099.com | 5804g.com | hg8081.com | www.523745.com | www.jj4625.com | www.0235tt.com | 3379bb.com | bet61.com | www.364688.com | www.88266b.com | www.88166k.com | www.88msc.la | www.ab151.com | 7599i.com | 4136e.com | www.868422.com | www.ykylc09.com | www.808888c.com | www.67797d.com | zhcpbb.com | 99589e.net | 79889t.com | www.843633.com | www.606756.com | www.bwinyz08.com | www.50999g.com | www.362858.com | 3225p.com | 40014477.com | 5219k.com | 22117l.com | www.455598.com | www.34972.com | www.44118w.com | www.hg7688.com | www.88807t.com | hg168l.com | 6641i.com | 1592c.com | 2190n.com | www.701564.com | www.30601.cc | www.87668n.com | www.704905.com | www.3171114.com | www.13558u.com | www.85770j.com | 2698g.com | 5am.vip | 048zz.com | 653518.com | 9964k.com | 69440011.com | 9994cc3.com | www.114149.com | www.760557.com | www.fh1188.com | www.sb5505.com | 6245h.com | 3978.com | 7200126.com | z4389.com | 9068e.com | 80188e.com | 97987-6.com | 3416m.com | 1458n.com | bet28.com | 06006w.com | 10050537.com | 51200hh.com | bet444000.com | xyhd237.com | 710136.com | 2127x.com | 2349001.com | 710136.com | rbbet66.com | 36508w.com | www.43131e.com | www.183572.com | www.178326.com | www.53900e.com | www.39957e.com | www.196806.com | www.2566y6.com | www.5556358.com | www.58777p.com | www.553843.com | www.40042.com | www.9906132.com | www.sun7789.com | www.cp0014.com | www.9cai.com | www.h6630.com | www.ya2019j.com | www.66653t.com | www.9928i.com | www.ch8966.com | www.505420.com | www.77114v.com | yhbeijing.vip | 79889f.com | 1443d.com | 681068.com | 5804l.com | www.004455.net | www.8455z.com | www.cheng55.com | www.e7764.com | www.68993276.com | www.763829.com | ule8.vip | sha9966.com | 4809v.com | www.pj0004.com | www.299888.com | www.yinhe6.cc | www.295002.com | www.js520988.cn | www.918795.com | yingbo114.com | 55rr8332.com | 33382m.com | www.j223344.com | www.89hghg.com | www.caipiao88e.com | www.4156.com | www.897743.com | 5443j.com | 3644m.com | www.wns0028.com | sbc777.com | 88559vip.com | 500000773.com | 2455n.com | www.o22365.com | www.846239.com | www.12345605.cc | www.sytg9.com | 66876g.com | 9068ss.com | 54443g.com | www.479898.com | www.07679a.com | www.df94.com | www.7025q.com | www.11086.com | www.hg15588.com | www.548477.com | 44995156.com | www.288hc.com | www.7036s.com | www.24czj.com | JS777.la | aa99151.com | www.ozhou9.com | www.79095t.com | www.qucw.com | 08159r.com | 748335.com | www.984365.com | www.7239u.com | www.183380.com | P77.cc | www.18shenbo.com | www.6889781.com | www.117318.com | 8037bb.com | www.7111u.com | www.3032dd.com | www.855085.com | toucai11.com | www.365815z.com | www.32031i.com | www.628867.com | 809h20.com | www.7338007.net | www.1429g2.com | www.749996.com | 496.se | www.9068rr.com | www.aaa2848.com | www.384918.com | u8159.cc | www.88627.com | www.58181.cc | i83377.com | www.39695n.com | www.487bbb.com | t388399.com | i7454.com | www.85857r.com | www.966019.com | 80188.com | www.hg2219.com | www.088014.com | 2924222.com | 9002q.com | www.344654.com | www.266991.com | 9101902.bet | www.gd68199.com | www.739233.com | 36401188.com | www.19019i.com | www.599581.com | 18438z.com | www.489239.com | www.550377.com | 5hga.com | www.556939.com | yd12306.com | 50024444.com | www.5958113.com | 897tt.cc | www.bet3651214.com | www.43818j.com | js999js.com | www.hg3875.com | www.f093.com | 00048g.com | www.0012737.com | www.sb276.com | www.25688o.com | bet3659098.com | www.555kkk.com | www.c1959.com | 2096y.com | www.848777x.com | 3301844.com | www.8124y.com | www.61655s.com | 4025l.com | www.rycp165.com | 19990aa.com | www.23427f.com | www.71399t.com | 13825522.com | www.588860.com | www.6650.bet | www.44mgm777.com | 19927.com | www.m2229m.com | www.685948.com | 9995w.cc | www.95333w.com | 9679l.com | www.0062737.com | 3435i.com | www.33a85.com | www.596035.com | www.1869m.com | www.34788x.com | 11ww8332.com | www.771494.com | 9506g.com | www.63606c.com | 67890jjj.com | www.biying910vip.com | r4212.com | www.8806488.com | 11422s.com | www.hg920.com | s4048eee.com | www.306015.me | 2418x.com | j3.cc | www.hg0817.com | www.26878v.com | www.yabet365.com | 08530006.com | www.52tyc.com | 4379a.com | www.ks1385.com | 2924222.com | www.6766msc.com | wlb888.com | www.77731k.com | 1213www.com | www.5xcai.vip | www.hjdc2008.com | 8881482.com | www.04567i.com | yh888k.com | www.js89m.vip | 38365k.com | www.16065u.com | dz576.com | www.8667j.com | 22207i.com | www.657069.com | www.88837l.com | www.hg8ff.com | www.77802n.com | feicai0455.com | www.3416m.com | www.hg8786.tv | www.500109.com | www.vns1668.vip | 77663885.com | www.1851135.com | 3636888.com | www.6011888.com | 2306l.com | 4195g.com | 8827hh.com | www.863012.com | www.25288g.com | 59889e.com | www.138cpc.com | 86688008.com | www.60108n.com | www.a2a333.cc | www.109882.com | www.lzlylc.com | 1407y.com | www.206065.com | www.882186.com | 0033q.cc | www.472255.com | www.497789.com | 69447733.com | www.31930.cc | www.888zr61.com | 61326622.com | www.25688e.com | www.vns6n6.com | 3189zz.com | www.294218.com | 8381l.com | www.576126.com | www.r8877.com | 36406666.com | www.610659.com | www.888365q.com | 12124.company | www.qmfc1.com | www.330007.com | 5360d.com | www.055gw.cc | www.168uuu.com | 2324ooo.com | www.6fk.com | www.70545d.com | 4461z.com | www.980273.com | www.cx9871.com | 3522s.cc | www.355205.com | www.cn365f.com | 2677xxx.com | 99151h.com | www.3775b.com | www.h7788r.com | 3640y.com | www.2350y.com | www.j0055.com | 76368888.cn | www.081502.com | www.am00000.com | 748575.com | 1168x.com | www.60007m.com | www.733400.com | 33318x.com | www.101156.com | www.288582.com | www.hg2168.com | 496ii.com | www.707232.com | www.bwin930.co | www.yxlm33.com | 20773322.com | www.609716.com | www.hgdc600.com | www.333222l.com | vns55545.com | www.363116.com | www.380820.com | www.2078k.com | 23599y.com | abet384.com | www.16065e.com | www.299366.com | 2190t.com | 73055h.com | www.978913.com | www.4996cz.com | www.4107i.com | 6487sss.com | 433.com | www.36788b.com | www.84155.com | www.1117795.com | 94948633.com | www.771501.com | www.7768js.com | www.70088444.com | 2546v.com | 556677882.com | www.548338.com | www.6889779.com | www.a98886.com | 88904242.com | 3404m.cc | feicai0570.com | www.4078c.com | www.56520l.com | 9158bo.com | 7392008.com | www.371931.com | www.91233j.com | www.88166s.com | www.546suncity.com | 80850dd.com | 267365.com | 1479d.com | www.c9259.com | www.1434t.com | www.77731i.com | www.09569p.com | 2381ddd.com | 3788ii.com | yyy5144.com | 01885q.com | www.bet73n.com | www.9170113.com | www.341111.com | www.pu5555.net | 8037ll.com | 1591hhh.com | 2306f.com | www.858899.com | www.07088.com | www.06387777.com | www.c1724.com | www.83008a.com | mm56667.com | v2299.com | t1458.com | 83086o.com | www.81520u.com | www.866505.com | www.26299j.com | www.vip5028.com | www.8888hj.com | www.158444.com | www.29886s.com | www.888vip1.com | 2355g.com | 8547b.com | 7893w9.com | 12742u.com | hh1331.com | feicai0471.com | www.101125.com | www.548912.com | www.917737.com | www.6364.com | www.6832m.com | www.60108y.com | www.tyc44222.com | www.0601b.com | www.08727.com | www.pj55715.com | www.js7000.com | www.302572.com | www.4078g.com | www.255827.com | www.55549.cc | www.klcp88.com | www.79500c.com | www.f4042.com | www.tai555.com | www.bidifushi.com | www.js968.com | bet35365.com | 75335.com | 1669q.com | 4196y.com | 00773k.com | 77605d.com | 7599zz.com | 4437008.com | 66332007.com | 28839o.com | 3122ll.com | 115944.com | www.7435g.com | www.hg97hg97.com | www.10050856.com | www.456099.com | www.6a333.com | www.19019b.com | www.j69096.com | www.xpj33884.com | www.pujing85.com | www.1111y.cc | www.597933.com | www.77802o.com | pj7778.com | 7736l.com | 4995e.com | 44002007.com | www.g67783.com | www.7830r.com | www.4987.com | www.6776cc.com | www.820568.com | www.99677h.com | www.hr3888.com | www.303482.com | vns8m.com | 047103.com | 3522p.cc | hg22814.com | www.88807k.com | www.9009798.com | www.10999c.com | www.4833011.com | www.44clf.com | www.309831.com | 33115p.com | 99662007.com | 2851y.com | www.ylzz770.com | www.158cai.com | www.306531.com | www.6ttz.com | 8381qq.com | 33599ff.com | 3245m.com | www.hg486.com | www.pj88t.com | www.8656.cc | www.564658.com | wd0000.com | 2757c.com | www.wns910.com | www.jcbo13.com | www.772891.com | www.904857.com | 4379a.com | vv3405.com | www.hg7575.com | www.8839.com | www.33997h.com | 8180v.com | 3131e.cc | www.hg098.com | www.dfh200.com | www.97655b.com | www.106295.com | 496ss.com | wns940.com | www.575001.com | www.9422d.com | www.346377.com | 7249d.com | www.ab943.com | www.5049y.com | www.61655z.com | abet384.com | c3405.com | www.77007076.com | www.99552hh.com | www.807979.com | 1484vipc.com | www.789pj.com | www.88166z.com | www.069wy.com | 338050.com | 2019hh.cc | www.0241h.com | www.53900g.com | 6hcc88.com | feicai021.com | www.xpj230.com | www.80075b.com | 0434333.com | 577605.com | www.773678.com | www.8499e.com | y2523.com | www.a67783.com | www.26123dd.com | www.846689.com | 98345g.com | www.sb273.com | www.7249t.com | www.60108o.com | 08530004.com | www.bmw111.com | www.lqc2.com | 0332y.com | www.32666s.com | www.ww.68203e.com | xpj90618.com | 48283333.com | www.411559.com | www.186783.com | 56787hh.com | www.j456x.com | www.808731.com | 35222ww.com | www.bbb839.com | www.88ckb.com | 496.vc | www.z4777.com | www.26299b.com | 97987-7.com | www.pj7668.com | www.33598h.com | ss1915.com | www.223aa.net | www.3933c.com | 81366r.com | www.am4444.com | www.zcwf1.com | 463k8.com | www.wi6666.com | www.854277.com | youle296.com | www.7415ll.com | www.39500o.com | 87680a.com | www.880148.com | 118888b.com | www.0860f.com | www.8839l.com | 444167.com | www.f456x.com | www.040451.com | 5350w.com | www.436298.com | 2008qq.com | www.49f8.com | www.606865.com | 500000952.com | www.8905e.com | 4632233.com | www.pj0056.com | www.986656.com | bk080.net | www.73990b.com | 54443o.com | www.242365.com | www.806726.com | 2613d.com | www.663189.com | gfc1688.com | www.938r.cc | js26732.com:9885天天代理.com | 3648.com | www.686102c.com | 3983008.com | www.08159g.com | www.587833.com | 6363p.com | www.83033c.com | 40420022.com | www.69567o.com | 3467i.com | www.423550.com | 2016.com | www.msc997.com | www.117809.com | www.js06123.com | www.cp3.xyz | 081965.com | www.75538d.com | t222c.com | www.937004.com | w4255.com | www.w84f.com | 3304r.com | www.1851136.com | 195668.com | www.38345n.com | 320006.com | www.hg068008.com | xinshijiylc6.com | www.59875.com | 2478.com | www.hg4089.com | 20772288.com | www.597449.com | 5002d.com | www.hjdc2004.vip | l3144.com | www.9009798.com | 6a6a.com | www.752568.com | 8890850.com | www.6776ff.com | 4995f.com | www.203519.com | 9856ll.com | www.350c5.com | 86811tt.com | www.800938.com | 99111xx.com | www.055wt.cc | www.7777wns.com | www.590981.com | www.3459v.com | www.717699.com | www.6uu6uu.com | 1easygo.com | www.58665e.com | 56988cc.com | www.w84b.com | 4632200.com | www.766885.com | 9149.com | www.936271.com | www.7830k.com | aobo43.com | www.56655b.com | 55967p.com | www.t201.com | 1v939.com | www.46630.biz | 3890n.com | www.56579.cc | www.jjj5025.com | www.009321.com | www.a11122.com | 2222k5.com | www.hg6012.com | 365vip07.win | www.282263.com | www.494912.com | a2848.com | www.dsj11.com | 80892gg.com | www.178213.com | www.beb100.com | 2147005.com | www.77055.com | www.8494s.com | 99151l.com | www.06820c.com | 73055p.com | www.911059.com | www.644234.com | 12742f.com | www.81233r.com | www.am0675.com | 7003aa.com | www.56011r.com | uu76669.com | 619579.com | www.l69096.com | 2864d.com | www.347918.com | www.8967g.com | 9101906.com | www.665771.com | www.dckpv.com | 67890www.com | www.867865.com | www.883122dd.com | 4541p.com | www.974091.com | www.lfcp098.com | 316q.cc | www.580671.com | www.daf005.com | 86811hh.com | www.288645.com | www.4996gd.com | 2418008.com | 3434zz.com | www.abc3588.com | www.32126d.net | jss1150.cn | www.hg3005.tw | www.40048.com | bet35365v.com | www.947547.com | www.cc2777.com | feicai0579.com | b762.xyz | www.9989576.com | www.333133g.com | 3mgmqqq.com | www.935506.com | www.31148.com | 1077iii.com | 88894c.com | www.bet365195.com | www.9990257.com | yh22999.com | www.197802.com | www.7036.com | www.7380r.com | 80878l.com | www.709928.com | www.80188j.com | www.hg6513.com | app3544.com | www.806875.com | www.5189222.com | www.8124k.com | 32355qq.com | www.587991.com | www.bb00668.com | www.21365pp.com | ccc67890.com | www.106096.com | www.68993259.com | www.700733.com | dzhcp.com | 6220uu.com | www.3126aa.com | www.28000l.com | www.vip0088.cc | 0234m.com | www.220716.com | www.984703.com | www.36kj.com | 5856ppp.com | 29918mm.com | www.348499.com | www.hg77750.com | www.7878788.com | feicai0411.com | 67890jjj.com | www.343552.com | www.89777k.com | www.k779977.com | 30019r.com | jsgj55.com | www.51515t.com | www.77801z.com | www.365044.bet | www.hg8086.com | 22nn8331.com | yabobbs.com | www.677038.com | www.1466c.com | www.hengshengguoji.com | www.758567g.com | 86226.com | 3202d.com | www.684244.com | www.6678693.com | www.35252o.com | www.sjcp111.com | 6907888.com | xpj13666.com | www.51515i.com | www.2373f.com | www.532327931.com | www.122822.com | www.vnsr11888.com | d5429.com | 1705c.com | www.50026v.com | www.022jx.cc | www.765.me | www.170507.com | www.yh8402.com | 2019q.cc | bb40033.com | 2698a.com | 55545a.com | www.950596.com | www.725641.com | www.2021q.com | www.666944.com | www.xin888222.com | 3202s.com | 1231313.com | pjshanghai.com | 30019h.com | www.369908.com | www.55clf.com | www.pj56g.com | www.651928.com | www.qyle11.com | www.xj4466.com | www.333222h.com | 2767i.com | 9fll8.com | 566777w.com | 118888c.com | pppp0099.com | www.50052u.com | www.587639.com | www.ya438.com | www.97655c.com | www.1764v.com | www.n1432.com | www.u32939.com | www.68277222.com | www.js421.com | www.www8181msc.com | www.pjdc3388.com | 5077777.com | 55818w.com | qq365n.com | 67890cc.com | 3678eee.com | sbd5551.com | 1094bo.com | js89i.vip | 27365.com | 3258n.com | 47749q.com | 142788.com | 4647q.com | www.62118e.com | www.178795.com | www.361770.com | www.523745.com | www.589744.com | www.701540.com | www.839658.com | www.899485.com | www.874918.com | www.799100.com | www.810521.com | www.810877.com | www.809572.com | www.699494.com | www.616383.com | www.788151.com | www.609715.com | www.452809.com | www.209880.com | www.98528i.com | 91019i.com | 875856b.com | pj8ee.com | 500000745.com | 7508u.com | yabo6008.com | 3416l.com | 500000518.com | mgmvip688.com | 71337.com | www.bwin7788.com | www.wnsr66.com | www.bm9998.com | www.wns3558.com | www.4972i.com | www.91779r.com | www.99094a.com | www.7239c.com | www.2632q.com | www.744559.com | www.178769.com | 4992535.com | blr878.com | 2147006.com | 4488v.com | 7935k.com | www.7653.cc | www.mt2888.com | www.js5599.vip | www.8645008.com | www.x98478.com | www.41518f.com | www.899427.com | www.32123e.com | yhningxia.vip | 566777o.com | 2078y.com | www.3435555.com | www.6663009.com | www.r948r.com | www.60886t.com | www.7239.net | www.839658.com | 00773e.com | 3679kk.com | 835a.cc | www.pj2026.com | www.m2229m.com | www.4136j.com | www.224975.com | www.960885.com | hg77750.com | 5099hh.com | 0068.cc | www.sun3305.com | www.2233suncity.com | www.vnsr398.com | www.50051z.com | www.514033.com | 3222k.cc | 4167.com | www.hg6969.org | www.hg2182.com | www.272018.com | www.1333ac.com | 66300vip01.com | 4812.com | 3180.com | www.12345hm.com | www.06387766.com | www.2875j.com | 29918q.com | 92266k.com | 897ll.cc | www.yh95678.com | www.u63568.com | www.849770.com | 15856f.com | 2018185188.com | www.502414.com | www.4078k.com | www.59191.cc | 44698.com | bbb4255.com | www.hg0096.com | www.560923.com | www.8967o.com | www.50788j.com | 074q7.com | www.26y26.com | www.228778b.com | www.js02346.com | www.707602.com | 69442277.com | www.hg5899.com | www.86267l.com | 3778mm.com | www.yh1133.com | www.r98478.com | 0600w.cc | 3030sun.com | www.8645006.com | www.117035.com | 33382n.com | www.9b004.com | www.389144.com | 998t.cc | www.86999c.com | www.394689.com | 33992007.com | www.600w.com | www.422323.com | 26668v.com | www.4136f.com | www.165090.com | feicai0596.com | www.38138n.com | www.66332u.com | zhcp23.com | www.07679e.com | 500000593.com | www.zz538.com | www.4833042.com | 876878w.com | www.4938l.com | www.65707c.com | 4066kk.com | www.72747.com | www.974288.com | 93922l.com | www.19yh6.com | www.89894f.com | 9964q.com | www.h6610.com | bj16.com | www.675923.com | www.cai345.cc | btt529g.com | www.8645003.com | 908080p.com |